Azure User Group Nepal

Learn and understand the cloud technology using Microsoft Azure platform to adopt it

Cloud computing adoption challenges in Nepal

Author: Sakaldeep

December 18, 2018

The world is moving to the cloud, especially the IT world, with a various cloud provider such as Amazon, Microsoft, Salesforce and so on.  And the cloud delivery model or cloud business model is also increasing day by day. A few years back, common cloud delivery model was SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS but in present, more delivery model has added such as DRaaS, Database as a Service, Process as a Service and many more. Based on reports, the developed country has a higher cloud adoption rate for a different sector.

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Nepal market is still in on-premise IT infrastructure mindset.  The key reason behind this should be identified not to be left behind in this IT transformation trend. It will not be fair to say Nepal IT market is totally untouched with cloud, there is much organization who is using Office 365 that is SaaS (software as a service) and some who is using PaaS (platform as a service) for software hosting and development. But still, rarely any customer opting for IaaS (infrastructure as a service) and DRaaS (disaster recovery as a service) in case of Microsoft Azure. One possible reason could be cloud provider not being able to show a decrease in TCO (total cost of ownership) once they move to the cloud. One can check the differences in TCO using https://www.tco.microsoft.com

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Common challenges in cloud adoption in many countries are Security and Privacy, Service Quality, Performance/Insufficient responsiveness over the internet and Legal regulations. Rather than Privacy and Service Quality, Performance and Legal Regulations is the primary challenges for Nepal. Due to the current internet throughput performance could be an issue, cloud provider like Microsoft has a tool to test bandwidth latency which tells from which Microsoft Data-center you have the least latency (http://azurespeedtest.azurewebsites.net/). If available throughput is not sufficient then Microsoft suggests going for ExpressRoute which is much faster and secure but ISP needs to involve with the help of the government.

Some industry has legal regulations that they cannot put their data out of the country but still, there are many industries which don’t have such policy and they can move to the cloud.

I would like to share one of my personal experience, I met with a customer last week and we know their server (running Windows Server 2003) needs replacement. They are ready to move Exchange to the cloud with Office 365, happy to shift the responsibility for maintenance of email services to Microsoft. But the customer believes it still needs a server on premises to run applications critical to its business. Customers and partners both need to think on here to align with the changing trend of IT service.

Conclusion

Apart from existing challenges, Cloud service provider should be involved more actively to educate how TCO will get decrease with the below benefits.

  • Ease of deployment and management
  • More flexibility in supporting evolving business needs (both from a technical and business perspective)
  • Lower cost of operation
  • An Easier way to scale and ensure availability and performance

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